Learning, a physiological process

Learning is basically a neurological process. It is based on physiological physical processes. The functioning of the brain is just as physical as the functioning of the liver or heart. The brain and the processes that take place in it are just as physical as the blood pumping of the heart. That does not mean that we fully understand how the brain works. We do not know how many important brain processes occur, such as converting neural electrical and chemical signals into mental images or concepts. Learning is a natural process. This means that learning involves much more than developing cognitive skills. Learning is always an interaction between cognitive and emotional processes. It takes place in a social context through the interaction of 'learners' and their environment. This process applies not only to humans but to all living things. Moreover, this process did not arise because people had to acquire cognitive skills at a specially designed institution, the school. Brains have not developed on the basis of academic, school thinking. This does not alter the fact that, in contrast to other higher animal species, human society has become so complex that education is necessary in order for an individual to be able to play a role in it.

Two definitions

Learning is a very complex process. Neuroscientists and educational researchers use different definitions for it. Some call it a process in which the brain responds to impulses by forming neural networks that operate as an information-processing circuit, while others call learning a significant change in the ability, understanding, attitudes and values ​​of individuals, groups and even societies. Both definitions fit well together. A physiological process is responsible behind the scenes for the changes in abilities, understanding, attitudes and values.